Medical aspects

After an “HIV-positive” diagnosis, knowing about the course of the infection and co-infections is important. It is vital to have access to addresses of expert medical professionals who carry out regular checks. As the diagnosis often results in serious emotional stress, professional support is very helpful in this respect. Your regional AIDS centre will provide you with the addresses of specialist doctors and appropriate therapists.

“HIV-positive” diagnosis

A reliable diagnosis of “HIV-positive” can only be made after an HIV confirmation test with a second blood sample. The diagnosis on its own still tells you nothing about your current state of health.

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Progress of infection

If untreated, the infection goes through three phases:the primary infection phase, a long latency period without symptoms, and AIDS.

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#undetectable: HIV-positive and not infectious?

People with HIV are no longer infectious if they follow their therapy as prescribed, and their viral load is below the detectable threshold.

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Tests and investigations

Regular medical check-ups are important for people with HIV.

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Psychological stress

The diagnosis of “HIV-positive” is stressful for many of the people affected and can cause a great feeling of insecurity.

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Co-infections

If HIV-positive people become infected with another sexually transmitted infection, this will often follow a worse clinical course and be more difficult to treat than in HIV-negative people.

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